Vertebral discs are tissues with a tough outer layer and a softer gel like inner layer. The discs provide a cushion between the vertebral bones and are subject to wear and tear over a lifetime. When a disc in herniated, it bulges out and can press on nerves and cause pain. Depending on how much it is pressing on the nerve, pain may be mild or severe with a sharp or dull sensation. It is quite possible, even for a disc bulge not to cause any pain because it is not pressing on a nerve.
A single strain or injury may cause a herniated disc. This could be from excessive exercise, loading a bent or twisted spine, or repetitive motions. This discs in your spine degenerate naturally as you age, and the tissues that hold everything in place begin to weaken. It is possible that individuals could be predisposed to herniated discs due to family health history. Inidividuals that are more predisposed to herniated discs may suffer from multiples of them at a time.
Treatment for herniated discs can include spinal decompression, the McKenzie technique, postural and positional education, and a stretching and strengthening program.
PhysioMAX Wellness offers physiotherapy, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage therapy and other health care services to many patients in the Burlington area including Hamilton, Oakville, Stoney Creek, Waterdown, and Milton.