Condition: The surfaces of our joints are lined with cartilage that lubricate and cushion movement. With age, this cartilage often degrades and thins. This process is sped up by excessive joint stress, injury, and poor biomechanics. Osteoarthritis becomes more prevalent after the age of 50, and is most common at the knee and hip.
Symptoms: Patients experience pain and stiffness at the joint. Stiffness is usually worse in the morning and gets better throughout the day. Pain is usually worse after physical activity involving the joint. Walking patterns may change with osteoarthritis at the hip or knee.
Treatment: Range of motion exercises can address joint stiffness. Strengthening and aerobic exercises are shown to be effective for reducing pain and improving function. Other treatment modalities help with pain and symptoms, these include ultrasound, TENS, acupuncture, and taping. Lifestyle changes and weight management tips are provided to optimize prognosis.
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